Conference Papers

Yang, C., Kamat, V. R., and Menassa, C. C. (2016). “BIMap: Plan Drawings as Tangible Interfaces for Building Information Models“, Proceedings of the Construction Research Congress (CRC 2016), ASCE, Reston, VA. (Accepted)  
Thomas, A., Menassa, C. C., and Kamat, V. R. (2016). “An LCM Framework to Couple Spatially Distributed Energy Simulation and Occupancy Models for Optimizing Building Energy Consumption“, Proceedings of the Construction Research Congress (CRC 2016), ASCE, Reston, VA. (Accepted)  
Feng, C., and Kamat, V.R. (2016). “Marker Assisted Structure from Motion for 3D Environment Modeling and Object Pose Estimation“, Proceedings of the Construction Research Congress (CRC 2016), ASCE, Reston, VA. (Accepted)  
Hirose, M., Xiao, Y., Zuo, Z., Kamat, V., Zekkos, D., and Lynch, J. (2015). “Implementation of UAV Localization Methods for a Mobile Post-Earthquake Monitoring System“, IEEE Workshop on Environmental, Energy, and Structural Monitoring Systems, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ, 66-71.
Thomas, A., Menassa, C. C., and Kamat, V. R. (2015). “Coupled Simulation Framework to Assess Life-Cycle Energy Requirements in Buildings“, Construction Application of Virtual Reality (CONVR 2015), Banff, Canada, 206-215.
Kim, J., You, S., Lee, S., Kamat, V. R., and Robert, L. P. (2015). “Evaluation of Human Robot Collaboration in Masonry Work Using Immersive Virtual Environments“, Construction Application of Virtual Reality (CONVR 2015), Banff, Canada, 132-141.
Thomas, A., Menassa, C.C., and Kamat, V.R. (2015). “A Framework to Understand Effect of Building Systems Deterioration on Life Cycle Energy“, International Conference on Sustainable Design, Engineering and Construction (ICSDEC 2015), Procedia Engineering, 118, Elsevier, New York, NY, 507-514.
Feng, C., Lundeen, K.M., Dong, S., and Kamat, V.R. (2015). “Vision-Based Machine Pose Estimation for Excavation Monitoring and Guidance“, Proceedings of the 2015 Conference on Autonomous and Robotic Construction of Infrastructure (CARCI), Ames, IA, 67-84.
Mantha, R. K. B., Feng, C., Menassa, C., and Kamat, V.R. (2015). “Real-time Building Energy And Comfort Parameter Data Collection Using Mobile Indoor Robots“, 32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC 2015), Oulu, Finland, 1-9.
Lundeen, K.M., Dong, S., Fredricks, N., Akula, M., and Kamat, V.R. (2015). “Electromechanical Development of a Low Cost End-Effector Pose Estimation System for Articulated Excavators”, Proceedings of the 32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, Oulu, Finland, 1-8.
Feng, C., Dong, S., Lundeen, K.M., Xiao, Y., and Kamat, V.R. (2015). “Vision-Based Articulated Machine Pose Estimation for Excavation Monitoring and Guidance“, Proceedings of the 32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, Oulu, Finland, 1-9.
Xiao, Y., Feng, C., Taguchi, Y., and Kamat, V.R. (2015). “User-Guided Dimensional Analysis Of Indoor Scenes Using Depth Sensors“, Proceedings of the 32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, Oulu, Finland, 1-8.
Feng, C., Yong, X., Willette, A., McGee, W., and Kamat, V.R. (2014). “Autonomous Robotic In-Situ Assembly on Unstructured Construction Sites“, Proceedings of the 31th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, Sydney, Australia, 163-170. (Best Paper Award)
Feng, C., Taguchi, Y., and Kamat, V.R. (2014). “Fast Plane Extraction in Organized Point Clouds Using Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering“, Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2014), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ, 1-8.
Akula, M., Zhang, Y., Kamat, V.R., and Lynch, J.P. (2014). “Leveraging Structural Health Monitoring for Bridge Condition Assessment“, Proceedings of the 2014 Construction Research Congress, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 1159-1168. (Best Paper Award)
Kamat, V., Menassa, C., and Lee, S. (2013). “On-Line Simulation of Building Energy Processes: Need and Research Requirements“, Proceedings of the 2013 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ, 3008-3017. (Invited Paper)
Menassa, C., Kamat, V., Lee, S., Azar, E., Feng, C. and Anderson, K. (2013). “A High Level Architecture Framework for Coupling Building Energy Performance Models“, Proceedings of the 2013 Building Simulation Conference, International Building Performance Simulation Association (IBPSA), Chambery, France, 3778-3785.
Talmaki, S., and Kamat, V.R. (2013). “Multi-Sensor Monitoring for Real-Time 3D Visualization of Construction Equipment“, Proceedings of the 30th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, Montreal, Canada, 1-17.
Feng, C., Fredricks, N., and Kamat, V.R. (2013). “Human-robot Integration for Pose Estimation and Semi-autonomous Navigation on Unstructured Construction Sites“, Proceedings of the 30th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, Montreal, Canada, 1-9.
Golabchi, A., and Kamat, V. R. (2013). “Evaluation of Industry Foundation Classes for Practical Building Information Modeling Interoperability“, Proceedings of the 30th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, Montreal, Canada, 1-10.
Golabchi, A., Akula, M., and Kamat, V. R. (2013). “Leveraging BIM for Automated Fault Detection in Operational Buildings“, Proceedings of the 30th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, Montreal, Canada, 1-11.
Menassa, C., Kamat, V., Lee, S., Azar, E., Feng, C. and Anderson, K. (2013). “Coupling Distributed Energy Simulation and Occupancy Models for Comprehensive Building Energy Consumption Analysis“, Proceedings of the 2012 International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 275-282.
Garg, A., and Kamat, V.R. (2012). “Virtual Prototyping for Robotic Fabrication of Rebar Cages in Manufactured Concrete Construction“, Proceedings of the 2012 Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality (CONVR), National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, 309-318.
Feng, C., and Kamat, V.R. (2012). “Augmented Reality Markers as Spatial Indices for Indoor Mobile AECFM Applications“, Proceedings of the 2012 Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality (CONVR), National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, 235-242.
Behzadan, A.H., and Kamat, V.R. (2012). “A Framework for Utilizing Context-Aware Augmented Reality Visualization in Engineering Education“, Proceedings of the 2012 Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality (CONVR), National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, 292-299.
Feng, C., and Kamat, V.R. (2012). “A Plane Tracker for AEC Automation Applications”, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction, International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 1-8.
Akula, M., Sandur, A., Kamat, V.R., and Prakash, A. (2012). “Context-Aware Computing Framework for Improved Bridge Inspections“, Proceedings of the 2012 Construction Research Congress, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 698-707.
Akula, M., Lipman, R.R., Franaszek, M., Saidi, K., Cheok, G.S. and Kamat, V.R. (2012). “Augmenting BIM with 3D Imaging Data to Control Drilling for Embeds into Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks”, Proceedings of the 2012 Construction Research Congress, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 1145-1154.
Behzadan A.H., Kamat V.R. (2012), “Exploring the Potential of Context-Aware Augmented Reality in Construction Engineering Education”, Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on College Teaching and Learning (ICCTL), Ponte Vedra Beach, FL, 1-18. (Invited Paper)
Dong, S., and Kamat, V. R. (2011). “Collaborative Visualization of Simulated Processes Using Tabletop Fiducial Augmented Reality”, Proceedings of the 2011 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, 828-837. (Invited Paper)
Behzadan, A. H., Iqbal, A., and Kamat, V. R. (2011). “A Collaborative Augmented Reality Based Modeling Environment For Construction Engineering And Management Education”, Proceedings of the 2011 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, 3573-3581. (Invited Paper)
Dong, S., Feng, C., and Kamat, V.R. (2011). “Occlusion Handling Method for Ubiquitous Augmented Reality Using Reality Capture Technology and GLSL”, Proceedings of the 2011 ASCE International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 494-503.
Kamat, V. R., and Dong, S. (2011). “Resolving Incorrect Visual Occlusion in Outdoor Augmented Reality Using TOF Camera and OpenGL Frame Buffer”, Proceedings of 2011 NSF CMMI Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 1-8.
Kamat, V. R., and Akula, M. (2011). “Integration of Global Positioning System and Inertial Navigation for Ubiquitous Context-Aware Engineering Applications”, Proceedings of 2011 NSF CMMI Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 1-5.
Kamat, V. R., and Dong, S. (2011). “Robust Mobile Computing Framework for Visualization of Simulated Processes in Augmented Reality”, Proceedings of 2011 NSF CMMI Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 1-10.
Talmaki, S., Dong, S., and Kamat, V. R. 2010. “Comprehensive Collision Avoidance System for Buried Utilities”, Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Sustainable Urbanization (ICSU), Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, 1265-1274.
Dong, S., and Kamat, V. R. 2010. “Robust Mobile Computing Framework for Visualization of Simulated Processes in Augmented Reality”, Proceedings of the 2010 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, 3111-3122. (Invited Paper)
Kamat, V. R., J. C. Martinez, M. Fischer, M. Golparvar-Fard, F. Pena-Mora, and S. Savarese (2010). “CEC: Research in Visualization Techniques for Field Construction”, Proceedings of the 2010 Construction Engineering Conference, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, 1-26.
Feng, C., Fei, D., and Kamat, V. R.(2010). “Semi-automatic 3D Reconstruction of Piecewise Planar Building Models from Single Image”, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, Sendai, Japan, 309-317.
Dai, F.,Dong, S.,Kamat, V. R., and Lu, M. (2010). “Photogrammetry Assisted Rapid Measurement of Earthquake-induced Building Damage”, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, Sendai, Japan, 175-184.
Dong, S., and Kamat, V. R. (2010). “Resolving Incorrect Visual Occlusion in Outdoor Augmented Reality Using TOF Camera and OpenGL Frame Buffer”, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, Sendai, Japan, 55-64.
Khoury, H. M., and Kamat, V. R. (2010). “Contextual Information Delivery On Construction Sites”, Proceedings of the 27th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, Bratislava, Slovakia, 1-10.
Talmaki, S., Dong, S., and Kamat, V.R. (2010). “Geospatial Databases and Augmented Reality Visualization for Improving Safety in Urban Excavation Operations”, Proceedings of the 2010 Construction Research Congress: Innovation for Reshaping Construction Practice, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 91-101.
Akula, M., Dong, S., Kamat, V.R., Ojeda, L., Borrell, A., and Borenstein, J. (2010). “Integration of Global Positioning System and Inertial Navigation for Ubiquitous Context-Aware Engineering Applications”, Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering (ICCCBE 2010), American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 107-112.
Behzadan, A. H., and Kamat, V. R. (2009). “A Robust Method for Resolving Incorrect Visual Occlusion in Dynamic Augmented Reality Environments of Animated Engineering Operations”, Proceedings of 2009 NSF CMMI Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1-6.
Behzadan, A. H., and Kamat, V. R. (2009). “Visualization of Vehicular Traffic in Augmented Reality for Improved Planning and Analysis of Road Construction Projects”, Proceedings of 2009 NSF CMMI Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1-7.
Kamat, V. R., and El-Tawil, S. (2009). “Rapid Post-Disaster Reconnaissance for Building Damage Using Augmented Situational Visualization and Simulation Technology”, Proceedings of 2009 NSF CMMI Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1-6.
Lynch, J. P., Kamat, V. R., Li, V. C., Flynn, M. P., Sylvester, D., Najafi, K., Gordon, T., Lepech, M., Emami-Naeini, A., Krimotat, A., Ettouney, M., Alampalli, S., and Ozdemir, T. (2009). “Overview of a Cyber-enabled Wireless Monitoring System for the Protection and Management of Critical Infrastructure Systems”, Proceedings of the 2009 SPIE Smart Structures and Materials Conference, Vol. 7294, San Diego, CA, 1-11. (Invited Paper).
Behzadan, A. H., and Kamat, V. R. (2009). “Automated Generation of Dynamic Walk-Through Animations of Simulated Engineering Operations in Augmented Reality Environments”, Proceedings of the 16th Annual Workshop of the European Group for Intelligent Computing in Engineering (EG-ICE), European Group for Intelligent Computing in Engineering, Berlin, Germany, 1-8.
Khoury, H. M., and Kamat, V. R. (2009). “Standard Product Models and Project Databases for Context-Aware Information Access and Retrieval in Construction and Other Engineering Applications”, Proceedings of the 2009 ASCE International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 196-206.
Behzadan, A.H., and Kamat, V. R. (2009). “Interactive Augmented Reality Visualization for Improved Damage Prevention and Maintenance of Underground Infrastructure”, Proceedings of 2009 Construction Research Congress, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 1214-1222.
Prakash, A., Heng, B., Lau, B., and Kamat, V. (2009). “Dependable Opportunistic Communication in a Multi‐Tier Sensor Network Architecture“, Proceedings of the 2009 Workshop on Research Directions in Situational Self-managed Proactive Computing in Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks, Air Force Research Laboratory, St. Louis, MO, 1-3.
Behzadan, A.H., and Kamat, V. R. (2008). “Simulation and Visualization of Traffic Operations in Augmented Reality for Improved Planning and Design of Road Construction Projects”, Proceedings of the 2008 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ, 2447-2454. (Invited Paper).
Khoury, H. M., and Kamat, V. R. (2008). “Indoor User Localization for Rapid Information Access and Retrieval on Construction Sites”, Proceedings of the 15th Annual Workshop of the European Group for Intelligent Computing in Engineering (EG-ICE), European Group for Intelligent Computing in Engineering, Plymouth, UK, 497-507.
Behzadan, A. H., and Kamat, V. R. (2008). “Resolving Incorrect Occlusion in Augmented Reality Animations of Simulated Construction Operations”, Proceedings of the 15th Annual Workshop of the European Group for Intelligent Computing in Engineering (EG-ICE), European Group for Intelligent Computing in Engineering, Plymouth, UK, 24-35.
Behzadan A.H., and Kamat V. R. (2007), “Enabling Smooth and Scalable Dynamic 3D Visualization of Discrete-Event Construction Simulations in Outdoor Augmented Reality” Proceedings of the 2007 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ, 2168-2176. (Invited Paper).
Khoury, H. M., and Kamat, V. R. (2007). “Automated Georeferenced User Position Tracking for Contextual Information Retrieval on Construction Sites”, Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, Munchen, Germany, 1-5.
Behzadan A.H., and Kamat V. R. (2007), “Reusable Modular Software Interfaces for Outdoor Augmented Reality Applications in Engineering”, Proceedings of the 2007 International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 825-837.
Khoury, H. M., and Kamat, V. R. (2007). “WLAN Based User Position Tracking for Contextual Information Access in Indoor Construction Environments”, Proceedings of the 2007 International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 838-845.
Khoury, H. M., and Kamat V. R. (2007). “A Framework for Georeferencing Based Automated Retrieval of Contextual Project Information on Construction Sites”, Proceedings of 2007 Construction Research Congress, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 1-9.
Behzadan A.H., Khoury H. M., and Kamat V. R. (2006). “Structure of an Extensible Augmented Reality Framework for Visualization of Simulated Construction Processes”, Proceedings of the 2006 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ (Invited Paper).
Khoury, H. M., Kamat, V. R., and Ioannou, P. G. (2006). “Simulation and Visualization of Air-Side Operations at Detroit Metropolitan Airport”, Proceedings of the 2006 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ.
Behzadan, A. H., and Kamat, V. R. (2006). “Animation of Construction Activities in Outdoor Augmented Reality”, Proceedings of the Joint International Conference on Computing and Decision Making in Civil and Building Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.
Kamat, V. R., and Lipman, R. R. (2006). “Emulation of Automated Structural Steelwork Erection Using CIMsteel Integration Standards”, Proceedings of the Joint International Conference on Computing and Decision Making in Civil and Building Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.
Kamat V. R., and Behzadan A.H. (2006), “GPS and 3DOF Tracking for Georeferenced Registration of Construction Graphics in Outdoor Augmented Reality”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Intelligent Computing in Engineering and Architecture), Ed. Ian F.C. Smith, Volume 4200/2006, Springer, New York, 368-375, ISSN: 0302-9743.
El-Tawil, S., and Kamat, V. R. (2006). “Evaluation of Building Damage Using Augmented Reality”, Proceedings of the 2006 Structures Congress, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.
Kamat, V. R., and Lipman, R. R. (2006). “Standard Product Models for Supporting Automated Erection of Structural Steelwork”, Proceedings of the 23rd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), Japan Society of Civil Engineers (JSCE), Tokyo, Japan.
Behzadan, A. H., and Kamat, V. R. (2005). “Visualization of Construction Graphics in Outdoor Augmented Reality”, Proceedings of the 2005 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ.
Ioannou, P. G., and Kamat, V. R. (2005). “Intelligent Preemption in Construction of a Manmade Island for an Airport”, Proceedings of the 2005 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ.
Kamat, V. R., and El-Tawil, S. (2005). “Rapid Post-Disaster Evaluation of Building Damage Using Augmented Situational Visualization”, Proceedings of the 2005 Construction Research Congress, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.
Ismail, I. A., and Kamat, V. R. (2005). “Legal Risk Analysis, Modeling and Programming for E-Commerce in Construction”, Proceedings of the 2005 Construction Research Congress, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2005). “Efficient Interference Detection in 3D Animations of Simulated Construction Operations”, Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Computing in Civil Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.
Kamat, V. R., and El-Tawil, S. (2004). “Structure of an Augmented Situational Visualization Framework for Rapid Building Damage Evaluation”, Proceedings of the CONVR2004 Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, ADETTI/ISCTE, Lisbon, Portugal.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2004). “General-Purpose 3D Animation with VITASCOPE”, Proceedings of the 2004 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2004). “Practical 3D Animation of Multiply Articulated Construction Equipment”, Proceedings of the 2004 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2003). “Variable-Speed Resource Motion in Animations of Discrete-Event Process Models”, Proceedings of the 2003 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ, 1518-1526.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2003). “Automated Generation of Large-Scale Dynamic Terrain in 3D Animation of Simulated Construction Processes”, Proceedings of the CONVR2003 Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, 63-76.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2003). “Interactive Discrete-Event Simulation of Construction Processes in Dynamic Immersive 3D Virtual Worlds”, Proceedings of the CONVR2003 Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, 197-201.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2003). “Visualizing Fuzzy Construction Materials Using VITASCOPE’s ParticleWorks Add-On”, Proceedings of the 2003 Construction Research Congress, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 1-8.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2002). “Comparison of Simulation-Driven Construction Operations Visualization and 4D CAD”, Proceedings of the 2002 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ, 1765-1770.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2001). “Enabling Smooth and Scalable Dynamic 3D Visualization of Discrete-Event Construction Simulations”, Proceedings of the 2001 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ, 1528-1533.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2001). “Validating Complex Construction Simulation Models Using 3D Visualization”, Proceedings of EUROSIM 2001, The 4th International EUROSIM Congress, Delft, The Netherlands, 1-6.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2000). “3D Visualization of Simulated Construction Operations”, Proceedings of the 2000 Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ, 1933-1937.
Kamat, V. R., and Martinez, J. C. (2000). “3D Visualization of Construction Processes and Products”, Proceedings of CIT2000 – The CIB-W78, IABSE, EG-SEA-AI International Conference on Construction Information Technology, Reykjavik, Iceland, 506-512.